Takes only about a minute and a half to wind the 233 from 0 to a full 8 days. Which is pretty good considering most Manual wind watches or pocket watches require 50-60 winds to get to around a 50 hour power reserve. As for the 221. The Case is Titanium. The Bezel and Crown guard are Brushed matte finished Stainless Steel. THe Bracelet is a combination of Brushed SS and Titanium. Yes, the 221 is discontinued.